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About the history of Japanese kitchen knife


History of Japanese kitchen knife
began in the stone age, and whether made of stone, steel or ceramics, knives have been indispensable tools for humans. The oldest Japanese knife that exists now is from the Nara period (710-794), it is saved in Shousouin Museum. The shape of this knife is similar to Japanese sword and has very long handle. This type of knife was used until the middle of Edo period.

The age of Samurai:
1467 - 1595 In Japan there was an age called Sengoku-jidai. It was period of the warring states. There were many wars all over Japan. And after Sengoku-jidai, Edo period (1603-1868) it was also the age of Samurai. That's why a lot of swords were needed in this period, and Seki, Bizen, Yamato (Nara), Sanjo ... were the main places of crafting. Magoroku-Kanemoto, Okazaki-Masamune ... Have you ever heard their names ? they were known as the master of swordsmith.
This technique to craft Japanese sword is also applied to the Japanese kitchen knife.

In the 1850s, when Commodore Perry's Black Ships anchored in Yokohama-Ugara Bay, to demand to open the isolated ports to the western commerce. Then samurai period was over and the Meiji era began (1868-1912), japanese culture changed a lot.
Many cooking methods came from the west , and also came Western-style knife. Gyuto is a blend of Western knife and traditional Japanese knife.

In the modern times, "Bunka kitchen knife" was developed with a shape that combines the advantage of the Gyuto and Nakiri knife. and later, knife Bunka evolved to Santoku.
Now Santoku is the most popular kitchen knife in Japan, and it is called with the same name also abroad. Today Japanese kitchen knives are known as high quality, and also the skillful technique behind is well recognized.